George and Kausalya Hart in 1967Tamil language and literature has been taught at Berkeley for almost fifty years now. Between 1973 and 2011, the Tamil Studies Program was carefully stewarded by Professor (Emeritus) George L. Hart III and Professor Kausalya Hart. The former is best known for such well known books as The Four Hundred Songs of War and Wisdom and The Poets of The Tamil Anthologies as well as for his argument that Tamil is a classical language, a status that the Government of India formally accorded it on 18 September 2004. The latter wrote the definitive textbook for the teaching of Tamil in North America: Tamil for Beginners. Thanks to the Harts’ energy and dedication, UC Berkeley became a major center of undergraduate and graduate training in Tamil. Many of the Harts’ students went on to very successful careers in academia, government, journalism, medicine, and the other sciences.

Attesting to the significant role played by the Harts in popularizing Tamil across North America, the Bay Area Tamil community endowed a Chair in Tamil Studies at UC Berkeley in the 1990s. Since then, the Tamil Chair has been used to fund a wide range of Tamil-specific programs, conferences, and research fellowships. Upon their retirement the Harts endowed two more funds to support undergraduate and graduate research work in Tamil Studies: the Hart Fellowship for Tamil Studies and the Bodha Pravaham Undergraduate Fellowship for Tamil Studies. 

The teaching of Tamil language and culture is now entirely handled by Professor Vasugi Kailasam (who joined Berkeley in 2018) and Professor S. Bharathy (who joined in 2013). Under their leadership, Tamil classes are not only a permanent fixture in UC Berkeley’s curriculum but have also continued to grow in with more students enrolled than ever before and rising graduate student applications. Alongside these developments, the Tamil Studies program has been busy forging connections between UC Berkeley and organizations across North America to help popularize Tamil language learning as well as deepen historical, religious, literary and cultural interest in Tamil and Tamil Nadu as well as other Tamil diasporic spaces around the world. Classes currently taught at UC Berkeley include: Introductory, Intermediate and Advanced Tamil, classes on premodern and modern Tamil literature, and global Tamil literatures, history and culture. 

Tamil Studies Related Chairs & Programs at UC Berkeley

  • The Chair in Tamil Studies endowment was raised as a joint effort of the Institute for South Asia Studies and the San Francisco Bay Area Fundraising Committee for the Chair in Tamil Studies. Starting from a base of Bay Area Tamil Americans committed to the support of teaching and research in and on Tamil language and literature, the fundraising campaign eventually reached friends of Tamil throughout North America. 
  • The Hart Fellowship for Tamil Studies, established with a generous contribution from Professor George Hart and Professor Kausalya Hart, supports graduate students pursuing research projects focusing on Tamil studies. The fund provides for a single grant of up to $2000 for research travel to South Asia or $500 for domestic conference travel. Priority is  given to mid-career graduate students conducting research toward a Masters thesis or dissertation proposal. Graduate students at UC Berkeley and other University of California campuses are given priority. 
  • The Bodha Pravaham Undergraduate Fellowship for Tamil Studies, also established by Professors George and Kausalya Hart, supports undergraduate students pursuing research projects focusing on Tamil studies. The fund provides for grants of up to $900 for research travel to South Asia for UC Berkeley undergraduates. 

Courses Offered

Tamil courses are open to students who know some Tamil. Classes are small and are customized to the needs and interests of students.

Introductory Tamil  1A

  • Course Format: Five hours of lecture per week.
  • Description: The grammar of modern Tamil will be covered followed by readings in simple texts. Practice will also be given in spoken Tamil.

Readings in Tamil 101A

  • Course Format: Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
  • Prerequisites: one-year of Tamil or consent of instructor.
  • Description: These courses introduce students to a variety of literary styles. 101A will consist of weekly readings and discussions of short stories, poems, and dramatic sketches from representative authors. Short written assignments on themes suggested by the readings are required. Special attention is paid to matters of style and idiom. 101B is devoted to viewing films based on a variety of themes (social, village, mythological, classical Tamil) and to reading scripts and oral written exercises. Students will acquire language skills sufficient to approach literary texts on their own.

Seminar in Tamil Literature 210A

  • Course Format: Three hours of seminar and one hour of discussion per week.
  • Prerequisites: 100B.
  • Credit option: Course may be repeated for credit with consent of instructor.
  • Description: Readings in advanced Tamil. Texts to be determined by the needs of the student.

Tamil for BeginnersTamil Language Publication

Written by Professor Emeritus Kausalya HartTamil for Beginners is one of the definitive textbooks for the teaching of Tamil in North America.

For further information and buying information please go to our ISAS Language Publications page