Flavia Agnes is a lawyer at the Bombay High Court and founder of Majlis, a legal and cultural resource centre in Mumbai, India. Flavia Agnes is a relentless advocate of gender equality through the law and a staunch critic of the Uniform Civil Code. She has written and published extensively, including in the journals Subaltern Studies, Economic and Political Weekly, and Manushi on the themes of minorities and the law, feminist jurisprudence, gender and law, and law in the context of women's movements. Her books are widely acclaimed and are popular among advocates, paralegal workers, law students and women who have been victims of domestic violence. She is author of the book, Law and Gender Inequality: the Politics of Women's Rights in India, published by the Oxford University Press (1999).

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Amit Ahuja is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, UC Santa Barbara. He is a specialist in South Asian politics whose research focuses on the politics of marginalized minorities--those who have been left out of social, political, and economic progress by virtue of their racial and ethnic characteristics, as well as their economic and religious status. His dissertation research specifically focuses on the Dalits (untouchables) of India, and how such groups become politically mobilized.
Pranab Bardhan is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and co-chair of the MacArthur Foundation-funded Network on the Effects of Inequality on Economic Performance. He has done theoretical and field studies research on rural institutions in poor countries, on political economy of development policies, and on international trade. A part of his work is in the interdisciplinary area of economics, political science, and social anthropology. He was Chief Editor of the Journal of Development Economics for 1985-2003. Widely published and cited, Professor Bardhan's most recent publications include International Trade, Growth and Development; Poverty, Agrarian Structure, and Political Economy in India; Scarcity, Conflicts and Cooperation; Essays in Political and Institutional Economics of Development; Globalization and Egalitarian Redistribution, Inequality, Cooperation, and Environmental Sustainability, and (co-edited), Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective.

Mark Brandon is Professor of Law, Professor of Political Science & Director, Program in Constitutional Law & Theory in Vanderbilt University Law School. His research Interests are Problems of constitutional history, theory and interpretation; constitutional failure; family and the Constitution; war. 

Professor Brandon’s scholarship focuses on problems of constitutionalism. He is the author of Free in the World (Princeton University Press), on American slavery and constitutional failure. He has also written on secession, federalism, limits to the amending power, and war in the American constitutional order. His current scholarship includes a forthcoming book on Family and the American Constitutional Order, in which he investigates relations among family, law and the Constitution in the United States. The book explores the ways in which family might participate in creating, maintaining and changing a constitutional order, how that order might try to shape or use family, and how effective law can be in achieving either goal. During the 2008-09 academic year, he will be working on this book as a Visiting Senior Research Scholar in the Program in Law and Public Affairs at Princeton University. In addition to the book, Professor Brandon is working on an essay on War and Constitutional Change and an article on The Preamble in American Constitutional Interpretation. 

Professor Brandon has been designated co-chair of the Division of Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence for the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, to be held in Toronto in fall 2009. He has taught at the University of Michigan, the University of Oklahoma, Princeton University, and the University of Alabama, where he was the Frank B. Spain Chairholder of Law. He joined Vanderbilt's law faculty after serving as a visiting professor during 2000-01.

Pradeep Chhibber studies party systems, party aggregation, and the politics of India. His research examines the relationship between social divisions and party competition and conditions that lead to the emergence of national or regional parties in a nation-state. Pradeep received an M.A. and an M.Phil. from the University of Delhi and a Ph.D. from UCLA. He is currently the Indo-American Community Chair in India Studies and the Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley.
Lawrence Cohen teaches in the departments of Anthropology and of South Asian Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. Cohen is a medical anthropologist, author of No Aging in India: Modernity, Senility, and the Family and editor of Thinking about Dementia. His current work on surgical ethics and the so-called kidney racket has closely engaged practices of policing and law. 
Rajeev Dhavan is a senior advocate at the Supreme Court and other Courts in India, having fought many cases on affirmative action, human rights, secularism and constitutional governance. He is also the Director of a Public Interest law firm, Public Interest Legal Support and Research Centre (PILSARC). Rajeev is an Honorary Professor of the Indian Law Institute in New Delhi. He has taught at Queens University Belfast and the University of West London. He has also had teaching assignments at London and Delhi Universities and the Universities of Madison (Wisconsin) and of Austin (Texas). Rajeev was elected to the International Commission of Jurists in June 1998 and to the ICJ's Executive Committee in October 2003. He is a regular columnist in India's leading newspaper and has written and edited many publications including books on the judiciary, the media, human rights and public law.

Christopher Edley, Jr. joined Boalt Hall at the University of California, Berkeley as dean and professor of law in 2004, after 23 years as a professor at Harvard Law School. He earned a law degree and a master's degree in public policy from Harvard University, where he served as an editor and officer of the Harvard Law Review. 

Edley's academic work is primarily in the areas of civil rights and administrative law. He has also taught federalism, budget policy, Defense Department procurement law, national security law, and environmental law. Edley was co-founder of the Harvard Civil Rights Project, a renowned multidisciplinary research and policy think tank focused on issues of racial justice. His publications include Not All Black And White: Affirmative Action, Race And American Values and Administrative Law: Rethinking Judicial Control Of Bureaucracy. 

Following graduation, Edley joined President Carter's administration as assistant director of the White House domestic policy staff, where his responsibilities included welfare reform, food stamps, child welfare, disability issues, and social security. He served as national issues director throughout the 1987-88 Dukakis presidential campaign, and then as a senior adviser on economic policy for President Bill Clinton's transition team in 1992. In the Clinton administration, he worked as associate director for economics and government at the White House Office of Management and Budget from 1993 to 1995. There, he oversaw a staff of 70 civil servants responsible for White House oversight of budget, legislative and management issues in five cabinet departments (Justice, Treasury, Transportation, Housing & Urban Development, Commerce) and a diverse group of over 40 autonomous agencies, including: FEMA, FCC, General Services Administration, SBA, SEC, CFTC, EEOC, the bank regulatory agencies, and the District of Columbia. In 1995 he was also special counsel to the President, directing the White House review of affirmative action. He later served the Clinton White House in 1997 as a consultant to the President's advisory board on the race initiative.

From 1999-2005, Edley served as a congressional appointee on the bipartisan U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. In 2001, he was a member of the Carter-Ford National Commission on Federal Election Reform. In March 2006, Dean Edley was named to a national nonpartisan commission created to conduct an independent review of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.

Marc Galanter, the John and Rylla Bosshard Professor of Law and South Asian Studies at the University of Wisconsin - Madison and LSE Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science, studies litigation, lawyers, and legal culture. He is the author of a number of highly regarded and seminal studies of litigation and disputing in the United States (including “Why the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change,” one of the most-cited articles in the legal literature. His work includes pioneering studies on the impact of disputant capabilities in adjudication, the relation of public legal institutions to informal regulation, and patterns of litigation in the United States. He is also co-author of Tournament of Lawyers (with Thomas Palay, 1991) which is widely viewed as the most robust explanation of the growth and transformation of large law firms.

He is an outspoken critic of misrepresentations of the American civil justice system and of the inadequate knowledge base that makes the system so vulnerable to misguided attacks. 

Much of his early work was on India. He is recognized as a leading American student of the Indian legal system. He is the author of Competing Equalities: Law and the Backward Classes in India (1984, 1991) and Law and Society in Modern India (1989, 1992). He is an Honorary Professor of the National Law School of India, served as advisor to the Ford Foundation on legal services and human rights programs in India, and was retained as an expert by the government of India in the litigation arising from the Bhopal disaster. He is currently engaged in research on access to justice in India.

A leading figure in the empirical study of the legal system, he has been editor of the Law & Society Review, President of the Law and Society Association, Chair of the International Commission on Folk Law and Legal Pluralism, a Guggenheim Fellow, and a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He is a member of the American Law Institute and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received degrees in philosophy and law from the University of Chicago. In addition to the University of Wisconsin and the London School of Economics, he has taught at Chicago, Buffalo, Columbia, and Stanford.

David Gilmartin is Professor of History at North Carolina State University. He received his Ph.D. in History at Berkeley in 1979. He has published Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan (1988) and Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in islamicate South Asia (2000, coedited w/ Bruce Lawrence). His most recent project focuses on the history of law and voting in India. He has co-authored an article (with Jonathan Ocko) comparing the “rule of law” in 19th-20th century India and China, which will appear in early 2009 in the Journal of Asian Studies.

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Colin Gonsalves is the Founder Director of the Human Rights Law Network (HRLN) and a Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India.

A human rights litigator in India, Mr. Gonsalves specializes in human rights protection, labour law and public interest law. A graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mr. Gonsalves started his professional life as a civil engineer but was drawn to the law through his work with the mill-workers’ union in Bombay. As such, he commenced formal legal study in 1979 and litigated his first case on behalf of 5,000 million workers locked out of their jobs while still in law school. Upon graduation in 1983, Mr. Gonsalves co-founded the India Center for Human Rights and Law in Bombay and developed it into a national network of over 200 lawyers and paralegals under the auspices of The Human Rights Law Network (HRLN)

Since co-founding HRLN in 1989, Mr. Gonsalves and his colleagues have built the organization into India’s leading public interest law group, working at the intersection of law, advocacy and policy. Mr. Gonsalves strives to use the law as a shield to protect the human rights of the poor and of marginalized communities in India. Over the last two decades, Mr. Gonsalves has played a prominent role in investigating, monitoring, and documenting human rights violations, producing “know your rights” materials, and conducting training seminars as well as workshops for lawyers, activists, judges, police and civic administrators. 

In addition to developing HRLN from a fledgling legal-aid organization to a national network of legal centers located in 23 states across India, Mr. Gonsalves, is an active litigator in the Supreme Court of India and several state High Courts. Mr. Gonsalves has brought numerous precedent-setting cases to the Supreme Court of India in the sphere of both civil and political rights as well as social and economic rights.

One of Mr. Gonsalves’ most significant achievements has been his co-development of the Indian People's Tribunal (IPT), an independent organization directed by retired Supreme Court and High Court Judges that investigates human rights violations. Its discoveries have spurred public interest litigation, formed social movements, and led to concrete policy changes.

Mr. Gonsalves has written, edited and co-edited numerous articles and books on a range of human rights law issues. Additionally, he co-founded and serves as Editor of “Combat Law”, a Human Rights Law Magazine, aimed at increasing awareness of rights, connecting legal initiatives, providing accurate and timely information and enabling access to justice for the poor. “Combat Law” is widely acknowledged as the leading human rights magazine in the country as well as the contemporary ‘textbook’ for future generations dedicated to establishing careers in public law.

Sridar Iyengar is the President of the Foundation for Democratic Reforms in India. He is associated with Bessemer Venture Partners and sits on the Boards of American India Foundation, Infosys, ICICI Bank and Rediff.com. He is an active investor in and mentor of early stage companies particularly with interests/operations in India. He was previously with KPMG.

Sridar holds a Bachelor of Commerce (Honors) from the University of Calcutta and is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. He serves on the Boards of Infosys Technologies, ICICI Bank, and Rediff.com, among other companies in the U.S. and India. A founding charter member of TiE (The Indus Entrepreneurs), he has been President of both the Silicon Valley and Global branches of the group and remains active with TiE India. Sridar is also involved in the American India Foundation.

Erik Jensen is a lecturer at the Stanford Law School, co-director of the law school's Rule of Law Program, and a CDDRL faculty member. A lawyer trained in Britain and the United States, he has, for the last 20 years, taught, practiced and written about the field of law and development in 20 countries. He has been a Fulbright scholar, a consultant to the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, and a representative of The Asia Foundation, where he currently serves as a senior law advisor. His teaching and research activities explore various dimensions of reform aimed at strengthening the rule of law, including the political economy of reform; the connections between legal systems and the economies, polities and societies in which they are situated; and the relationship of Islam to the rule of law. 

Jensen lived for 14 years in Asia and was an active participant in policy dialogues in South and Southeast Asia. From 1996 to 1998, he led the governance section of an Asian Development Bank-funded study called "Pakistan 2010," which examined subjects including judicial and legal reform, countering corruption, governance process, civil service reform, decentralization and empowering the country's citizenry. In September 1999, he served as co-team leader of a 35-member consulting team which prepared an extensive report on "Legal and Judicial Reform in Pakistan" for the Asian Development Bank.

Jensen's recent past activities include: completing a research project funded by the Ford Foundation that surveys Pakistani and Indian perceptions of doing business across their acrimonious border; serving as an outside expert in an evaluation of a World Bank project on judicial reform in Venezuela; designing and teaching a research workshop, at Stanford Law School, on judicial reform in developing countries; and serving on the advisory board of two international rule-of-law projects for the World Bank in Mexico and Argentina.

Among his recent publications are "Confronting Misconceptions and Acknowledging Imperfections: A Response To Khaled Abou El Fadl's 'Islam And Democracy'" published in the Fordham International Law Review (2003), and Beyond Common Knowledge: Empirical Approaches to the Rule of Law (Stanford University Press, 2003), which he edited with Thomas C. Heller. Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz endorsed Beyond Common Knowledge with the admonition, "No scholar or policymaker should utter the words 'rule of law' without first reading this volume."

Jensen holds a JD degree from the William Mitchell College of Law and an LLM degree from the London School of Economics.

Madhu Kishwar is the founder and editor of “Manushi: a journal on women and society”. Kishwar is one of India’s foremost thinkers in the arena of women’s rights, social justice, collective responsibility and perspectives on social change. As an activist scholar, Kishwar advocates the politics of engagement. She has made prolific editorial contributions to Manushi since its inception in 1979, and her work has appeared in several anthologies. Her writing is appreciated worldwide for its incisiveness and thought-provoking, challenging quality, and she is an invigorating speaker. Kishwar is currently a senior fellow at the Centre for Studies in Developing Societies in New Delhi, India. She also makes documentary films on a variety of themes in order to mobilise opinion on important issues. These include, Dowry: Compulsion vs. Need. The social and economic dynamics behind the spread of the culture of dowry despite stringent legislation; The Disinheritance of Women from Family Property; License Permit Raj: a View from Below (Study of street vendors and rickshaw pullers in Delhi). Her latest work for Doordarshan was commissioned under the Agenda for India series; it includes thirteen episodes entitled “Kisse Kanoon Ke” reviewing the actual workings and impact of various laws enacted ostensibly to protect or strengthen women’s rights in India.

Sanjay Kumar is a Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS). His area of research for the past several years has been studying electoral systems, analyzing electoral politics and mapping changing patterns of democracy. Being a specialist in survey research, he has directed various National and State level surveys at the CSDS. Sanjay's research and writing draws heavily from empirical studies 

While India remains his primary research locale, his research interests extend to other South Asian countries as well. He was the India coordinator for the study on the State of Democracy in South Asia (SDSA) which was conducted by the CSDS in the five South Asian countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. He has also been a core team member of the Asian Barometer Survey led by Prof. Takashi Inoguchi of Cho-University, Tokyo; consultant to Asia Foundation's survey in Afghanistan in year 2006; and co-director of the survey titled State of Democracy in Nepal in year 2008.

He has authored various project reports, contributed articles for various edited volumes, research journals and national newspapers. His book titled An Uneven Rise of Plebians with Christopher Jefferlot is forthcoming from Routledge India in November 2008.

Sunil Kumar, Editor, Chhatisgarh & Itwari Akhbar

  • Joined journalism in 1976 while studying in college, and completed graduation as a private student.
  • In 1978, as a young reporter managed to officially witness a hanging in an Indian prison and wrote the first such eye witness account in Indian media.
  • Worked in a daily Hindi newspaper of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh for 29 years, the last ten years of which as editor and group editor of several group-publications.
  • In 1980 was selected for War Correspondents Course, organized by Ministry of Defence, Govt. of India.
  • Between 1981 and 1989 attended all International Film festivals of India and worked as a regular Film Critic.
  • Is the author of a book titled Aajkal (These Days) -- a compilation of all his journalistic writings. It is named after his weekly opinion-column Aajkal, which is reproduced in many newspapers in different parts of India.
  • Between year 2000 and 2005, worked on a part time basis as coordinator of a Documentary Unit and attended several European film festivals with films produced by the unit.
  • Conceived and made a documentary film titled Narbali (Human Sacrifice), on the ruthless displacement of patients in hospitals by the state government who needed space during the formation of the capital of the new state of Chhattisgarh. The film attracted the attention of State Human Rights Commission and as a result patients of the only T.B. sanatorium in the state, were prevented from being thrown out. This film was screened in two European film festivals
  • Teaches media-students of different universities of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh for the last 20 years.
  • With a group of journalists, in 2005 launched a daily newspaper Chhattisgarh and a weekly magazine Itwari Akhbar, available both in print and on the internet. The newspaper is known for strong ideological debates on its editorial pages and is probably the only newspaper to spark off a debate among the police, the Maoists and other activists by giving full space to banned Maoists (Naxal) organizations to express their arguments.
  • Is in the process of publishing a dozen books on different aspects of the state of Chhattisgarh. They should be released in six months. Half of these books are serious research writings and half are picture-books on Chhattisgarh.
  • Has started an audio-visual documentation unit, ‘Discovery Chhattisgarh’ and is developing archival material, doing contemporary history writing, recording culture of the state along with folk and tribal life, art forms etc. As a part of this effort, has completed two documentary films on two primitive tribes of Chhattisgarh Baiga and Pahari Korva.

Sanjay Lodha is an Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur. He was educated at the Mohan Lal Sukhadia University Udaipur and Jawaharlal University, New Delhi. His research interests include Foreign Policy and International Relations, Political processes and development issues in India, and the dynamics on the State politics in Rajasthan. He has edited six books, and published more than twenty scholarly articles journals and books. He has completed a number of projects in association with various research organizations in India. Currently he is undertaking research on geographical delimitation as determinant of communitarianism, a comparative study of urban and rural areas. He has authored The Communist Tug-of-War in Indo China (1997)

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N.R. Madhava Menon. Known as one of the long-serving, popular legal educators of the country, an institution-builder, the architect of the five-year integrated LL.B. programme and the Founder Vice-Chancellor of two of the leading law universities of India (National Law School of India University, Bangalore and National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata), Prof. (Dr.) N.R. Madhava Menon has endeavoured for nearly five decades to put Indian legal education at par with those of the developed countries. 

As a member of the Legal Education Committee of the Bar Council of India and later as the first Secretary of the Bar Council Trust, Dr. Menon influenced the shaping of legal education policies particularly in respect of the integrated 5-Year LL.B. Degree Course facing many challenges from within and outside the profession. When the Bar Council of India floated the idea of a model law school in early 1980s, he took up the challenge and set up the Bangalore-based National Law School providing an innovative, integrated law curriculum which later became the mainstream legal education in the country and attracted attention of legal educators everywhere. Appreciating the efforts of Dr. Menon in restructuring the legal profession through improving legal education, the International Bar Association honoured him with the Living Legend of Law Award in 1994 followed by the Rotary Club of Bangalore conferring an Award for Vocational Excellence. The Bar Council of India presented a Plaque of Honour to Dr. Menon for his contribution to the legal profession. The Commonwealth Legal Education Association elected him as its President for a four year term (1994-’98).

The National Law School of India University in 2001 conferred on Dr. Menon the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) (Honoris Causa) and gave a citation which stated as follows :

“….. Revolutionizing Indian legal education has been the life’s mission of this true Karma Yogi who achieved what was widely considered an impossible task – establishing an institution of excellence in Indian legal education. Dr. N.R. Madhava Menon single handedly wrought fundamental change in Indian legal education and established a model that is today sought to be emulated across our country and in several other countries in the region”. 

Soon after relinquishing office after a ten-year tenure at NLS Bangalore, Dr. Menon was invited by the West Bengal Government to set up the National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS) on the lines of the Bangalore initiative. He joined NUJS as the first Vice-Chancellor in 1999 and organized its infrastructure and academic programmes within a short period of five years (1999-2003).

The Supreme Court of India appointed Prof. Menon as the first Director of the newly established National Judicial Academy, a training institution for higher judiciary in Bhopal. From legal education to judicial education, from instructing law students to imparting training for judges, the transition put Prof. Menon on a new path of scholarship and institutional development in support of the judicial system of the country. He relinquished office as Director, NJA in May, 2006 and settled in his hometown, Trivandrum devoting his time in voluntary services in the cause of rule of law and public legal education.

Recognizing his contribution to public services, the President of India, Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam honoured Dr. Menon on the occasion of the Republic Day (2003) with Padma Shree, the first such award to a law teacher in India.

Dr. Menon has been a Member of the Law Commission of India, Member of several Expert Committees including the one on Legal Aid (1973), Civil Services Examination Reform (2000-’01), Criminal Justice Reform (2002-’03), Police Act Drafting Committee (2005-‘06) and the Committee on Draft National Policy on Criminal Justice (2006-’07) appointed by the Government of India. He has been the Chairman of the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata and of the Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum.

Prof. Madhava Menon is born and brought up in Trivandrum (Kerala) and is married to Smt. D. Rema Devi. Their son, Mr. R.K. Menon is an engineer settled in Bangalore. Author of several books, articles and monographs on a variety of legal subjects, Prof. Menon has taught law in over a dozen universities in India and abroad during a long academic career spanning nearly five decades. Presently, Dr. Menon devotes his time on human rights promotion, law and judicial reforms and on professional advancement programmes for young lawyers under an NGO called Menon Institute of Legal Advocacy Training ((MILAT}, Trivandrum of which he is the Chairperson.

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Manoj Mate is the William O. Douglas Fellow in Comparative Law at Berkeley Law School. Mate is a graduate of Harvard Law School, and will receive his Ph.D. in Political Science in 2008 from the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. Mate's research interests center on international and comparative law, judicial politics, election law, and civil rights and equality from an interdisciplinary perspective. Prior to joining Berkeley Law, Mate was a Mellon-Sawyer fellow at the Center for the Study of Law and Society at Berkeley in 2007-2008.

Mate's dissertation, "Popular Institutionalism and the Post-Emergency Indian Supreme Court," examines the conditions under which constitutional courts are able to expand their role in governance and assert power in challenging political regimes, through a study of judicial decision-making in the Indian Supreme Court. Mate's current scholarship also grapples with core issues of constitutional and administrative law in a comparative perspective. In 2008, Mate co-authored "The 2000 Election Controversy" (with Matthew Wright) in Public Opinion and Constitutional Controversy, N. Persily, J. Citrin, and P. Egan, eds (Oxford Univ. Press 2008), which analyzed the effect of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Bush v. Gore on public support for the Court using data from the Annenberg National Election Studies. As a Douglas Fellow, Mate is currently working on a study analyzing judicial decision-making in the State High Courts of India that focuses on issues of police and custodial violence, criminal justice and the rule of law.

Pratap Bhanu Mehta is President, Center for Policy Research, New Delhi. He was previously Visiting Professor of Government at Harvard University; Associate Professor of Government and of Social Studies at Harvard. He was also Professor of Philosophy and of Law and Governance at Jawaharlal Nehru University, and has held a visting appointment at the University of Pennsylvania. His areas of research include, political theory, constitutional law, society and politics in India, governance and political economy and international affairs. Mehta has a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from Oxford University (St. John's College); and a Ph.D in Politics from Princeton University.

Mehta has published widely in leading journals in the fields of political theory, constitutional law, political in India. Mehta has published widely in the fields of political theory, intellectual history, constitutional law, politics and society in India and India’s emerging role in world Affairs. Some recent papers include: The Possibility of Religious Pluralism in Tom Banchoff (ed.) Religion and Conflict (Oxford: forthcoming 2008); Passion and Constraint: Religious Speech in Indian Law in R. Bhargava (edited) Politics and Ethics in the Indian Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2007); “The Courts and Socio Economic rights (with S. hanker) in Courting Social Justice: Judicial Enforcement of Social and Economic Rights in the Developing World (ed.) Varun Gauri and Daniel M. Brinks (Cambridge University Press, 2008); The End of the Separation of Powers, Journal of Democracy, April 2007 reprinted in Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner (ed.) The State of India’s Democracy (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007); Mortgaging Indian Higher Education, India Policy Forum 2008; Self Interests and Other Interests in K. Haakonsen (edited) The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith (Cambridge University Press, 2006); From State Sovereignty to Human Security (via Institutions) in Terry Nardin and Melissa Williams (edited) Humanitarian Intervention (New York University Press, 2005); Cosmopolitanism and the Circle of Reason, Political Theory, Vol.28, No.5, 2000, pp. 619-639; Empire and Moral Identity, Ethics and International Affairs, Volume 17. No 2, 2003.

His most recent books include, The Burden of Democracy and an edited volume India’s Public Institutions (with Devesh Kapur) His forthcoming work includes a book a Constitutionalism in Modern India and a book on India’s Great Transformation. He is also co editor (with Niraja Jayal) of the Oxford Companion to Politics in India.

He has has also done extensive public policy work. He was Member-Convenor of the Prime Minister of India’s National Knowledge Commission; Member of the Supreme Court appointed Lyngdoh Committee on on Regulating Elections in Indian Universities and has authored a number of papers and reports for leading Government of India and International Agencies, including the World Bank, UNRISD, DFID. He has advised a number of institutions in Higher Education. He is on the Board of Governors of International Development Research Council (IDRC), and numerous other academic institutions, including National Institute of Finance and Public Policy. He is also a member of the WEF's Global Governance Council. He is a prolific columnist and editorial consultant to the Indian Express. His columns have also appeared in a number of national and international dailies including the Financial Times, Telegraph, International Herald Tribune, The Hindu, Outlook etc. He is also on the Editorial Board of numerous journals including the American Political Science Review, Journal of Democracy and India and Global Affairs.

Irfan Nooruddin is presently Assistant Professor of Political Science at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. His research focuses on questions of economic development, and how political competition shapes government policy. He has published articles on these topics in International Organization, Comparative Political Studies, Politics & Gender, and International Interactions. Born in Bombay, Irfan received his BA in Economics and International Studies from Ohio Wesleyan University and his PhD in Political Science from the University of Michigan.

Suhas Palshikar is Co-Director of Lokniti and Professor in the department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Pune. He taught at a degree college from 1978 to 1989, before he joined the Dept of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune. He has been teaching courses on Political Sociology, Indian Politics, Party System in India, Political Economy of India and Political Process in Maharashtra.

He has served as Associate Director on the ICSSR project on the Sixth Lok Sabha Elections in Maharashtra from 1980-81. 

His research projects have included Politics of Marginalized Groups: A Study of Aurangabad and Ahmednagar districts - a UGC granted project completed in 2000. In the year 1999-2000 Professor Palshikar and the Dept. of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune conducted a survey of around 7000 households for a project on Pune titled Pune: From City to Metropolis, under the Special Assistance Program.

Professor Palshikar has been associated with the CSDS since 1995. He has assisted in the study of the Assembly Elections in Maharashtra in 1995 and has served as the State coordinator for Maharashtra in the National Election Studies in 1996, 1998 and 1999 organized by Lokniti. He is currently the Joint coordinator in the State of Democracy in the State of Democracy in South Asia (SDSA) project.

Vikram Raghavan is senior counsel in the World Bank's Legal Vice-Presidency, where he works in two different practice groups. As a member of the East Asia and South Asia group, Vikram is “country lawyer” for the World Bank’s operations in India, Myanmar, and Korea. In that capacity, he provides legal and transactional advice on a variety of constitutional, operational, and local law issues that arise in World Bank-financed projects in those areas. Previously, Vikram worked as country lawyer for World Bank portfolios in Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Most recently, he focused on Iraq, Iran, and the West Bank and Gaza. 

In the Operations Policy practice group, Vikram’s responsibilities include handling various legal and policy issues affecting post-conflict situations and fragile states. He serves on the World Bank’s State and Peace Building Fund committee. He also provides legal advice regarding dealings with de-facto governments, loan conditionality, development policy operations, expenditure eligibility, conditionality, and breach-of-governmental-contract questions. 

Before joining the World Bank in 2001, Vikram was an associate in the New York office of O'Melveny & Myers. There, he worked on several transactional, litigation, and international-arbitration matters. Vikram is a graduate of the National Law School of India in Bangalore, and he obtained his masters in international law from NYU Law School. He is admitted to practice law in the State of New York and was enrolled as an advocate in the Bar Council of Tamil Nadu, India. He is the author of a legal treatise, Communications Law in India: Legal Aspects of Telecom, Broadcasting, and Cable Services (LexisNexis 2006). He is presently co-authoring a text book on comparative constitutional law that focuses on India, South Africa, Germany, Canada, and the United States. Vikram created and contributes to a much-visited blog on the Indian Supreme Court, constitutional law, and legal developments: www.lawandotherthings .blogspot.com.

Vishwa Ranjan is the Director General of Police (DGP) of Chhattisgarh. He joined the Indian Police Service in 1973 at the age of 21 and began his career as a police officer with the Madhya Pradesh cadre. He has held different posts including that of Superintendent of Police, Bastar. From 1985 to 2007 he worked for the Government of India as specialist on Maoist groups, such as Maoist Coordination Centre (MCC), CPI Marxist-Leninist (Party Unity) and Peoples War Group, all of which later merged to form CPI-Maoist, and was in charge of the internal security of the country. Since 2007 he has been DGP, Chhattisgarh ¾the highest ranking police officer of the state.

Vishwa Ranjan is also an established poet in Hindi, writer of critical articles about art, theatre and literature. As DGP Chhattisgarh, he has written a series of articles on Maoists strategy & tactics for different newspapers. He also paints.

He has a BA (Hons) in History from Patna University. 

Raka Ray is Associate Professor of Sociology and South and Southeast Asia Studies, Sarah Kailath Chair in India Studies, and Chair of the Center for South Asia Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. She grew up in Calcutta, India, but has moved steadily west since then, receiving her AB from Bryn Mawr College, and her PhD from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She has been at Berkeley since 1993. Professor Ray's areas of specialization are gender and feminist theory, domination and inequality, cultures of servitude and social movements. Publications on social movements include Fields of Protest: Women's Movements in India (University of Minnesota, 1999; and in India, Kali for Women, 2000), Women's Movements in the Third World: Identity, Mobilization and Autonomy with Anna Korteweg (Annual Review of Sociology, 1999) and Social Movements in India: Poverty, Power, and Politics, co-edited with Mary Katzenstein (Rowman and Littlefeld, 2005). Her book titled Cultures of Servitude: Modernity, Domesticity & Class India with co-author Seemin Qayum is forthcoming from Stanford University Press.
Ananya Roy is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, International and Area Studies and Associate Professor, City and Regional Planning, at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research is concerned with urban poverty in South Asia as well as with the global politics of international development. She is the author of City Requiem, Calcutta: Gender and the Politics of Poverty (University of Minnesota Press, 2003/ Pearson Books, 2007). Her current research and book project is titled Poverty Capital: Microfinance and the Frontiers of Millennial Development (Routledge, 2009).

Anasuya Sengupta From her childhood spent in north Karnataka, Anasuya Sengupta has had a political commitment to issues of equality and social justice. After an Economics (Honours) degree from Delhi University, she returned to Raichur to work as a Programme Officer for Samuha, a rural development organisation. She went on to do an M.Phil. in Development Studies, as a Rhodes Scholar at the University of Oxford, and is currently writing her doctoral dissertation on formal and informal structures and practices within the police in Karnataka, for a D.Phil. in Politics from Oxford. She is located at the University of California, Berkeley, as a Visiting Student Researcher.

She was State Coordinator of the Gender Sensitisation and People-friendly Police (GSPP) Project, a UNICEF partnership with the Karnataka Police on issues of violence against women and children, from 2001 to 2007. As Program Associate and researcher with Gender at Work, an international knowledge network for gender equality, she supported the action learning processes of social change organisations in South Africa and India, till early 2007. She has worked with different organisations across India and elsewhere, on sexual and reproductive rights, HIV/AIDS and feminist advocacy and multi-generational leadership. She is associated with Development Alternatives for Women in a New Era (DAWN) and the Association of Women's Rights in Development (AWID): networks committed to advancing women's rights across the world, particularly the global South. She is co-editor of the publication, Defending Our Dreams: global feminist voices for a new generation (AWID and Zed Books, 2006); arguably the first international anthology of young feminist analyses and experience.

Anasuya continues to be involved with regional and national networks against communalism in India, and is passionately against fundamentalisms of all kinds. In the words of Tom Lehrer: 'I know there are people in this world that do not love their fellow human beings, and I *hate* people like that'.

Dr Sandeep Shastri (b.1960) is a political scientist who is the Director of the International Academy for Creative Teaching (iACT). He was earlier on the Faculty of the Department of Political Science, Bangalore University where he taught from 1984 to 2002. He has to his credit 4 Books, nearly 30 articles in Edited Books and 60 articles in refereed Research Journals, besides popular writings in newspapers and magazines. He is currently the National Coordinator of the Lokniti Network a group of scholars involved in Survey based Election Studies in India. He is associated with several prestigious international research bodies in the field of election studies, survey research and education. He is the India representative on the Global Comparative Study of Election Systems Network and coordinates the India survey component of the World Values Survey. Dr Shastri has lectured extensively across the world and spoken at Universities in more than 20 countries in all the six inhabited continents.
Venk Shukla is one of the Directors of the Foundation for Democratic Reforms in India. He is a veteran of four start up ventures in Silicon Valley with proven track record of leading companies through rapid growth, is the CEO of Nusym Technology, Inc. He has had a long and varied career that includes sales, marketing, and general management, and a proven track record of leading companies through rapid growth. He was most recently senior vice president of marketing and business development at Magma Design Automation, Inc. Before joining Magma, Shukla was the CEO of Everypath, Inc., a leader in enterprise mobile computing. Previously, he was vice president of marketing at Ambit Design Systems, Inc., and prior to that, vice president of marketing at Cadence Design Systems, Inc. In 1990, Shukla helped found the standards organization Open Verilog International (OVI), which has since become Accellera.

Venktesh served as the founding president of Foundation for Excellence (www.ffe.org) for 10 years and is a charter member of TiE (www.tie.org). He also serves on the advisory board of Silicon Valley Indian Professionals Association (www.sipa.org) and on the board of French company E.V.E.SA (www.eve-team.com).

He holds a Masters in Management from MIT Sloan School of Management and a Bachelors of Electronics from M.A. National Institute of Technology, Bhopal in India.

Justice B.N. Srikrishna was born on 21.05.1941. After graduating with a degree in Science, he went on to obtain his LL.B and later LL.M from the Government Law College and the University of Mumbai, standing second in the University.

He enrolled as an advocate of the Bombay High Court on 23.12.1962 and specialized in the field of Labor and Industrial Law. He was designated as a Senior Advocate of the Bombay High Court on 17.6.1987. He was counsel for a large number of employers both in the public and private sector. He appeared in a number of cases in the High Courts and the Supreme Court, which laid down fundamental principles of labor law.

His deep interest in philosophy, culture, music and education made him a much-respected figure in all the music sabhas, religious organisations, cultural and education institutions. He was a trustee of the Shanmukhanda Fine Arts and Sangeeta Sabha, Mumbai. He studied how to play Carnatic music on the violin. His abiding interest in music and musicology led to his being invited by the Veena foundation of India to deliver a lecture on Veena in Delhi. He was an office bearer of many such institutions in Mumbai. He holds M.A. in Sanskrit from the Mysore University, a Diploma in Urdu, and a post-graduate Diploma in Indian Aesthetics from Mumbai University. He speaks at least seven languages fluently.

He was a member of several professional Associations, while at the Bar. On being appointed as an Additional Judge of Bombay High Court from 30.7.1990, he resigned from offices of organisations he was associated with. He was made a permanent Judge from 3.10.1991.

His name is synonymous with the commission to enquiry he headed, to go into the riots that shook Mumbai in December, 1992/January, and 1993. The report submitted in February 1998 has generated wide debate, in India and abroad.

He was invited by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to attend a seminar on refugee laws at Delhi and to attend an international conference on the subject in Geneva and Berne in October 2000.

He was appointed Chief Justice of the High Court of Kerala on 6.9.2001. He was appointed as Judge of the Supreme Court of India on 3.10.2002, which office he demitted on 21.05.2006. 

He was appointed the Chairman of the Sixth Central Pay Commission, which recently submitted its report in March 2008.

Nandini Sundar is Professor of Sociology, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University, and Co-editor, Contributions to Indian Sociology. She has previously worked at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi and the University of Edinburgh. She is the author of Subalterns and Sovereigns: An Anthropological History of Bastar (2nd ed. OUP, 2007), and the co-author of Branching Out: Joint Forest Management in India (OUP, 2001). She is also co-editor of Anthropology in the East: The founders of Indian sociology and anthropology (Permanent Black, 2007) and A New Moral Economy for India's Forests: Discourses of Community and Participation (Sage Publications, 1999).

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K.C. Suri is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the Central University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. He teaches political theory and Indian politics at the post-graduate level and supervises work of the students registered for research programs.

Dr. Suri was the Editor of the Indian Journal of Political Science, the quarterly journal of the Indian Political Science Association, during the years 2001 and 2002. His research projects have included a monograph on Democratic Process and Electoral Politics in Andhra Pradesh, as part of "Livelihood Options" Research in South Asia Project, Overseas Development Institute, London, completed in July 2002. He is currently member of the core team of the research project titled Governance and Policy Spaces in Andhra Pradesh, headquartered at the Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad. He has also been associated as State Coordinator for Andra Pradesh with the State and Society in India project and the World Values Survey project in 2001. Dr. Suri has been associated with Lokniti since 1999. He has served as Andhra Pradesh State Coordinator for the National Election Studies in 1999 and 2004' as well as National Election Audit, 1999.

Siddharth Varadarajan is Deputy Editor of The Hindu newspaper in New Delhi. He is the editor of Gujarat: The Making of a Tragedy (Penguin, 2002), a book about the anti-Muslim violence which took place in the Indian state of Gujarat in 2002. In the more than 10 years he has worked as a journalist, he has reported on the crisis in Kashmir, the Nato war against Yugoslavia and the situation in Afghanistan during the Taliban years. In November 2005, the United Nations Correspondents Association awarded him the Elizabeth Neuffer Memorial Prize Silver Medal for Print Journalism for a series of articles on Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Varadarajan studied economics at the London School of Economics and Columbia University and taught at New York University for several years before returning to India to work as a journalist.

Arvind Verma has been a member in the Indian Police Service [IPS] and has served for seventeen years in the State of Bihar, holding several senior level positions in the organization. His first degree was in Engineering Mathematics from the Indian Institute of Technology- Kanpur and he earned his doctoral degree in Criminology from Simon Fraser University- Canada. His doctoral work was concerned with analysis of criminal justice data using a variety of mathematical techniques such as Fuzzy Logic, Topology and Fractals. He has served as the Managing Editor of Police Practice and Research: An International Journal and he has also been an advisor to the Bureau of Police Research and Development in India. His current research interests are in Data Analysis and Visualization, Criminal Justice in India and Comparative Policing. His recent publications include a book titled The Indian Police: A Critical Review; and journal articles- Anatomy of Riots: A Situational Prevention Approach; Measuring Police Performance in India: An application of Data Envelopment Analysis; The State and Coercive Power in India; and Visualization of Criminal Activity in an Urban Population. He is currently on the faculty of the Department of Criminal Justice and has been the Director of India Studies Academic Program at Indiana University- Bloomington. 

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